February 2023
Europe is the second largest finished demand source after Asia, contributing to ~9.1% of global demand. In 2022, it is forecast to consume 261kt of nickel. Soaring energy prices in the region has greatly reduced stainless-steel production.
This caused quarterly demand to drop by a drastic 26%, from 74kt in the March quarter to 55kt in the September quarter of 2022. As energy security stabilises and prices cool, demand is expected to recover.     Finished demand will then grow by a CAGR of 3.5% to 311kt in 2027, and by a further CAGR of 4.1% to 523kt in 2040. Demand will remain dominated by the stainless-steel sector, while growth will be supported by battery developments. Europe is fast becoming a hotspot for Gigafactories, with over 30 factories proposed and half a dozen commissioned by the end of 2022.   EVs Driving the Region